MULTIPLE CHOICE AND SHORT ANSWERS
ONLINE TAKE-HOME EXAM – Australia and the World – 100958 – Autumn 2018
Due: 11.30pm Sunday 10 June 2018. You need to submit the online take home exam on Turnitin by the due date, with ALL PARTS OF THE EXAM in one document. The turnitin link can be found on vUWS under Assessment and has the title ‘Online Take-Home Exam’. In each Part of the exam, ONLY provide the Answers to the multiple-choice questions, true and false questions and short answer questions. With the multiple-choice questions just include the letter against what you believe is the correct answer and with the true and false questions just put true or false. Also ensure you have the number of the question against your answer. DO NOT INCLUDE THE QUESTION, AS THIS WILL INCREASE YOUR SIMILARITY PERCENTAGE ON TURNITIN.
Aims and Objectives:
This assessment task provides you with the opportunity to develop your critical reading skills and writing skills and to demonstrate your attainment of the unit’s learning outcomes.
Referencing System: You must use either APA (in-text) or Chicago (footnotes) referencing system. It is recommended that you use the APA and Chicago referencing guide prepared by the WSU Library. The link to these referencing systems is: http://library.westernsydney.edu.au/main/guides/referencing-citation
Please note that while APA does not require page numbers you must include page numbers in the online take-home exam for both quotes and ideas.
There are five parts to the online take-home exam and you will be given an overall mark out of 100, which will then be weighted according to the Learning Guide – 40% of your overall mark for the unit. Each part is worth 20 marks and the exam is a combination of multiple-choice questions, true and false questions and short answer questions based on the readings and lectures/lecture pods from Weeks 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14. Each part relates to one of the weeks and this will be stated in the heading. The marks for each of the questions are stated against the question. Please note that there will be no half marks for the multiple-choice questions and true and false questions as there is only one correct answer. For the short answer questions you will be given a mark between zero and up to the maximum mark available for that question depending on the quality of your answer.
Important: You are to answer the questions in your own words. You ARE NOT to use quotes. If you use quotes you will be penalised. You must reference the information and you must include a Reference List at the end of the Online Take-Home exam. If you do not include references and a Reference List you will be penalised.
There will be no comments placed on the online take-home exam as it is an exam.
In addition, as advised in the Learning Guide on page 14 under ‘Return of Assessment Material’, the results for the final written assessment item due at the end of Week 14 will not be released until after final marks have been released. As the online take-home exam is the final written assessment item the marks will not be released until after the final marks have been released.
Part A – Australia’s engagement with Asia – 20 marks
- From the lecture for Week 10 on Australia’s engagement with Asia which of these statements is MOST correct? (2 marks)
- Australia engaged with Asia during the Cold War largely due to our fears of communism, however Australia did not fear Asia even though Australia’s cultural heritage was very different to that of Asia.
- Very few Australians understand Asian cultures with Asian language studies declining in Australia.
- Australia is involved in, or has been involved in, SEATO, ASEAN, ASEAN + 3, the East Asia Summit, APEC, Asia Pacific Community Proposal and the G20.
- Australia’s foreign policy is based on ensuring we have an alliance with a powerful protector with a similar cultural heritage and we pay very little attention in developing any regional architecture with Asia.
- 2. From the lecture for Week 10 on Australia’s engagement with Asia which of these statements is NOT correct? (2 marks)
- While Australia was more aware of Asia in the 19th century it did not begin engaging with Asia until after World War Two.
- The features of the Cold War were a clash over a set of principles and policies, and tension between the US and the USSR, which resulted in Australia being involved in a number of conflicts in the Asia region.
- The 1989 Garnaut report suggested four main strategies: tariff reduction; encouraging trade liberalisation in Asia; encouraging investment from Asian countries; and cultural integration with Asia.
- Australia has made significant progress on all the four strategies of the 1989 Garnaut report.
- In approximately 50 words describe the perceptions made by Asians about Australia. (4 marks)
- In approximately 50 words describe four of the seven weaknesses that Ramesh Thakur identifies in the 2012 Asian Century While Paper. (4 marks)
- In approximately 50 words outline the changes in Australia’s relationship with India. (4 marks)
- In approximately 50 words outline how Australia’s engagement with Asia has changed since the Whitlam government. (4 marks)
Part B – Australia’s engagement with Indonesia – 20 marks
- From the lecture for Week 11 on Australia’s engagement with Indonesia which of these statements is MOST correct? (2 marks)
- Australia has always recognised the importance of Indonesia and therefore has maintained a strong relationship that has not resulted in misunderstandings or hostility.
- Australia has not been concerned that any threat to Australia would come through the Indonesian archipelago.
- Australia welcomed Sukarno becoming Indonesia’s first president and was not concerned with the rise of communism in Indonesia during Sukarno’s presidency.
- Australia’s relations with Indonesia improved after the military takeover in Indonesia by General Suharto in which the Indonesian communist party was crushed. This resulted in three decades of political and economic stability under Suharto’s authoritarian rule with Australia largely turning a ‘blind eye’ to the human rights abuses that occurred during this time.
- From the lecture for Week 11 on Australia’s engagement with Indonesia which of these statements is NOT correct? (2 marks)
- Indonesia today is not a democracy and does not possess a strong civil society, free press and does not have fair and direct elections.
- Australia recognised Indonesia’s takeover of East Timor in 1979 and following East Timor’s independence vote in 1999 Australia led the INTERFET mission to restore order following the chaos caused by pro-Indonesian militias. This caused some problems for the Australia-Indonesia relationship.
- While for some Australians Indonesia is our most important regional relationship; the Indonesians often view Australia as being inconsistent in its foreign policy toward Indonesia, and Indonesia invokes our Asian fears due to its large population and large Muslim population.
- Australia has strengthened ties with Indonesia through shared cultural exchanges; the Lombok Treaty and the IA-CEPA.
- In approximately 100 words describe the four phases of the Australia-Indonesia relationship as outlined by Roberts and Habir with a particular focus on the period of the last 20 years. (8 marks)
- In approximately 100 words describe some of the challenges in the Australia-Indonesia relationship. (8 marks)
Part C – Australia’s engagement with Japan – 20 marks
From the article by Ramesh Thakur answer the following True or False statements in questions 1 to 4. Ramesh Thakur’s reading can be found under Week 10 and is referred to in Part A of this exam.
- Australia and Japan have promoted open economic regionalism in the Pacific. True or false? (1 mark)
- Australia is not concerned over the growing tensions between China and Japan as it has a good relationship with both countries. True or false? (1 mark)
- 3. From Australia’s perspective, deepening the security relationship with Japan will strengthen regional security. True or false? (1 mark)
- Japan’s growing economic decline has resulted in it becoming an increasingly insignificant power in the Asia-Pacific. True or false? (1 mark)
- In approximately 200 words provide a summary of the reading for Week 12, which identifies the authors’ argument and key points supporting this. (16 marks)
The reading is:
Michael Heazle and Yuki Tatsumi. (2017). Explaining Australia-Japan security cooperation and its prospects: ‘the interests that bind?’ The Pacific Review 31(1), 38-56
Part D – Australia’s engagement with China – 20 marks
- From the reading by Gill and Jakobson which of these statements is MOST correct? (2 marks)
- Australia’s economic relationship with China will change in the future, and while resource exports will remain important, due to Australia’s international competitiveness in services the export market in services will become increasingly important.
- Chinese students represent the largest proportion of foreign students in Australia and Australian educators have put a substantial amount of work into ensuring that Chinese students have a positive experience and have a close connection with Australian society.
- There are countless opportunities for Australia through Chinese investment, however Australians seem quite ambivalent about this, particularly when Chinese investment is targeted toward real estate, infrastructure and agriculture.
- China is now the largest source of tourists for Australia and the Australian tourist sector is well prepared to meet the challenge of the increase in tourist trade from China.
- From the reading by Gill and Jakobson which of these statements is NOT correct? (2 marks)
- China is highly unlikely to threaten Australian territory with military force.
- Of most concern for Australia is that the security threat from China would be in terms of economic threats, such as restricting Australian agriculture exports to China or discouraging Chinese students from attending Australian universities and schools.
- The establishment of a strategic partnership between Australia and China will be difficult to develop due to China’s mistrust of Australia’s close alliance with the US and Australia’s unwillingness to be perceived as being disloyal to the US – Australia alliance by getting closer to China.
- Australia has always been able to rely on the US in response to any security threats and Australia will be able to continue to rely on the US if China chooses to penalise Australia economically.
- In approximately 100 words briefly outline some of the challenges in the Australia-China relationship. (8 marks)
- Ramesh Thakur states that Australian analysts agree that Australia needs to pay careful attention to Asia’s rise; however, there are different ideas of how Australia should respond. In approximately 50 words outline the different positions taken by analysts. Ramesh Thakur’s reading can be found under Week 10 and is referred to in Part A of this exam. (4 marks)
- In approximately 50 words describe the four key ideas that Gill and Jakobson outline in terms of engaging with China. (4 marks)
Part E – Australia’s engagement with New Zealand and the Pacific – 20 marks
- From the lecture for Week 14 on Australia’s engagement with New Zealand and the Pacific which of these statements is MOST correct? (2 marks)
- By 1962 all the Pacific Islands had gained their independence from colonial rule.
- While violent upheaval occurred in Bougainville this did not cause instability in Papua New Guinea and very little effort was required from Australia in terms of the conflict.
- The Pacific Islands Forum reflects the interests of all the countries in the forum not just Australia and New Zealand who largely fund the forum.
- While there are a number of similarities between Australia and New Zealand there are also a number of differences, particularly around the recognition of the indigenous people in New Zealand and Australia.
- From the lecture for Week 14 on Australia’s engagement with New Zealand and the Pacific which of these statements is NOT correct? (2 marks)
- The major official and institutional ties between Australia and New Zealand are ANZUS and ANZCERTA.
- Australia still maintains a policy of non-interference in the Pacific Island states.
- Papua New Guinea gained its independence in 1975 and since this time there have been a succession of prime ministers due to corruption, resignation or no confidence votes.
- The major problem for Fiji in governing the country is the existence of the two large ethnic communities; the indigenous Fijians and the descendants of Indians brought in as indentured labour, which has resulted in a number of coups in Fiji.
- Briefly describe what ‘the arc of instability’ is as outlined by Wallis and Wesley. (3 marks)
- Briefly describe what RAMSI was and how this changed Australia’s foreign policy focus. (4 marks)
- In approximately 100 words identify the successes and weaknesses of the RAMSI intervention. (6 marks)
- Briefly describe what Wallis and Wesley mean by the South Pacific being the ‘arc of opportunity’. (3 marks)
Assessment Criteria for all Parts
1) Addressing the question
Your answer must be a response to the question actually asked; therefore your arguments should be relevant to the question. You should demonstrate the relevance in your answer.
2) Use of own words
Using your own words demonstrates that you have genuinely processed the ideas you are using rather than simply collecting the words and ideas of other scholars. In other words, using your own words helps to make the work your own.
3) Compliance with scholarly conventions
You must comply with scholarly conventions. This means avoiding plagiarism, including the ‘cut and paste’ variety. It also means you should correctly and diligently cite the sources, both in footnotes or in-text referencing and bibliography, and use quotation marks where appropriate. Assignments that are poorly referenced or which in other ways are deficient in adhering to scholarly conventions will be penalised.
4) English expression, correct spelling and grammar
Your assignment should be well written. The English expression should be clear, even elegant if you can manage it. It should be grammatically correct and without spelling and typographical errors.
|Addressing the question||Clearly defined and justified approach, perhaps an innovative approach and demonstrating perceptive awareness of the issues||Clearly defined and justified approach, demonstrating some perceptive awareness of the issues||Well defined and justified approach, or clearly defined but less well justified, or vice versa, awareness of the issues||Some attempt to define and justify approach but not well executed, limited awareness of the issues||Little or no attempt to define and justify the approach, or very poorly executed, little or no awareness of the issues|
|Use of own words||Written entirely in own words and well executed paraphrasing||Use of own words throughout, high quality paraphrasing||Use of own words mostly or throughout, good paraphrasing||Use of own words mostly, fair quality or inconsistent paraphrasing||Too close to text, bordering on plagiarism or crude ‘cut and paste’|
|Compliance with scholarly conventions||Complete compliance with referencing style and due acknowledgement of sources and ideas with no or very minor mistakes||Mostly compliant with referencing style and due acknowledgement of sources and ideas with few mistakes||Good effort, but with minor lapses in compliance with referencing style, and/or in acknowledgement of sources and ideas||Basic effort to comply with referencing style and to acknowledge sources and ideas properly but with many mistakes||Little or no compliance with referencing style and/or acknowledgement of sources and ideas|
|English expression||Fluent, literate, clear and elegant with no, or only very minor grammatical or spelling errors||Fluent, literate, clear sentences with very few grammatical or spelling errors||Generally well written and literate with some lapses in clarity or some clumsy sentences and/or with some grammatical and spelling errors||Not well written, with some unclear passages, some poorly constructed sentences or paragraphing with too many grammatical and/or spelling errors||Badly written, unclear, many sentences poorly constructed with many errors in grammar and spelling – does not meet minimum literacy standards
ALL WRITTEN WORK IN THIS CATEGORY WILL FAIL